Red hitoe hiro eri kimono of the yukata type with blue and black igeta pattern, showing giyougi details inside the crosses.
Dress Length: 154 cm | 60.6"
Sleeve Length: 33 cm | 13"
Shoulder to Shoulder: 67 cm | 26.4"
Handmande in Japan
A kimono without liner is called hitoe, which means "single cloth". It is exclusively worn from June to September, the Summer season in Japan. In hiro eri, the collar is wide and its inside is not sewn to the body. When put on, the lapel can be folded in two to feature the widht desired and fall naturally toward the erisaki (the bottom of the collar). It is used in many women’s kimonos.
Yukata is an unlined kimono, originally based on hot springs bathrobes, which has become very popular at summer festivals. Nowadays a young Japanese person may not wear kimonos very often and may only hire them for special occasions, but might well have one or more yukatas for summer wear, as they are usually hand washable, much more casual, easier to wear and easier to maintain.
The kanji character igeta looks exactly like the criss-crossed timbres known as well-curbs which were once seen all over Japan as a grille protecting the unwary from tumbling into an open well head. It has been a popular fabric motif for centuries, especially as a fashionable minimalist pattern on woven kasuri ikat cottons and for children’s yukata cotton kimono. Since a well is a source of water, it symbolizes life and good fortune.
Details of the giyougi pattern, which is a derivative of the same komon pattern from the Edo period, are visible in the crosses. Characteristic of this pattern is the diagonal allignment of the dots. This pattern was traditionally made by forcing rice paste throught a stencil of tiny dots, then dying the surrounding fabric so the dots stay white. Because the dots are placed regularly and firmly, this pattern symbolizes good manners as well as courtesy.
In ancient times, reddish colors were generated by akane (rubia akane) or benibana (safflower).